Phosphorylation of RGS14 by protein kinase A potentiates its activity toward G alpha i

Biochemistry. 2003 Jan 28;42(3):811-9. doi: 10.1021/bi026664y.


Regulators of G protein signaling (RGS proteins) modulate Galpha-directed signals because of the GTPase activating protein (GAP) activity of their conserved RGS domain. RGS14 and RGS12 are unique among RGS proteins in that they also regulate Galpha(i) signals because of the guanine nucleotide dissociation inhibitor (GDI) activity of a GoLoco motif near their carboxy-termini. Little is known about cellular regulation of RGS proteins, although several are phosphorylated in response to G-protein directed signals. Here we show for the first time the phosphorylation of native and recombinant RGS14 in host cells. Direct stimulation of adenylyl cyclase or introduction of dibutyryl-cAMP induces phosphorylation of RGS14 in cells. This phosphorylation occurs through activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA) since phosphate incorporation is completely blocked by a selective inhibitor of PKA but only partially or not at all blocked by inhibitors of other G-protein regulated kinases. We show that purified PKA phosphorylates two specific sites on recombinant RGS14, one of which, threonine 494 (Thr494), is immediately adjacent to the GoLoco motif. Because of this proximity, we focused on the possible effects of PKA phosphorylation on the GDI activity of RGS14. We found that mimicking phosphorylation on Thr494 enhanced the GDI activity of RGS14 toward Galpha(i) nearly 3-fold, with no associated effect on the GAP activity toward either Galpha(i) or Galpha(o). These findings implicate cAMP-induced phosphorylation as an important modulator of RGS14 function since phosphorylation could enhance RGS14 binding to Galpha(i)-GDP, thereby limiting Galpha(i) interactions with downstream effector(s) and/or enhancing Gbetagamma-dependent signals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Substitution / genetics
  • Animals
  • Colforsin / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Colforsin / pharmacology
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / metabolism*
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases / physiology
  • Drug Synergism
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme Inhibitors / pharmacology
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunit, Gi2
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go / metabolism*
  • Isoquinolines / pharmacology
  • Molecular Mimicry
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Protein Subunits / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / metabolism*
  • RGS Proteins / genetics
  • RGS Proteins / metabolism*
  • RGS Proteins / physiology
  • Rats
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Serine / metabolism
  • Signal Transduction
  • Sulfonamides*
  • Threonine / genetics
  • Threonine / metabolism
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Enzyme Inhibitors
  • Isoquinolines
  • Protein Subunits
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • RGS Proteins
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Rgs14 protein, rat
  • Sulfonamides
  • Colforsin
  • Threonine
  • Serine
  • Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunit, Gi2
  • GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go
  • Gnai2 protein, rat
  • N-(2-(4-bromocinnamylamino)ethyl)-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide