Background: Antisecretory therapy may exacerbate Helicobacter pylori corpus gastritis. The rate and mechanism(s) remain unknown.
Aim: To investigate the early events in proton pump inhibitor therapy on antral and corpus H. pylori gastritis.
Methods: Nine H. pylori-infected volunteers underwent gastric biopsy with jumbo forceps for culture and histology. Histology was scored in the range 0-5 using a visual analogue scale. The depth of inflammation in gastric pits was scored in the range 1-3 (superficial or less than one-third, one-third to two-thirds and greater than two-thirds of the gastric pit, respectively). Tissue interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-8 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay. Omeprazole, 20 mg b.d., was given for 6.5 days and biopsies were repeated on day 7.
Results: Proton pump inhibitor therapy resulted in a fall in H. pylori density in the antrum and corpus. Inflammation and tissue levels of interleukin-8 and interleukin-1 beta decreased in the antrum and increased in the corpus mucosa. There was a significant increase in the depth of inflammation to include the proliferative zone in the corpus.
Conclusions: Within 1 week of starting proton pump inhibitor therapy, there was a marked extension of corpus inflammation into the gastric pit and an increase in corpus mucosal interleukin-1 beta and interleukin-8 levels. H. pylori eradication should be considered for all patients receiving long-term antisecretory therapy.