Generation of affinity matured scFv antibodies against mouse neural cell adhesion molecule L1 by phage display

Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003 Jan 31;301(1):60-70. doi: 10.1016/s0006-291x(02)02933-9.


The recognition molecule L1 plays important functional roles in the nervous system and in non-neural tissues. Since antibodies to L1 are of prime importance to study its functional properties, we have generated affinity matured human single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies against mouse L1 by introducing random mutations in the complementarity determining regions (CDRs) of a previously isolated scFv antibody heavy chain (CDR1 and CDR2) and light chain (CDR3). After biopanning the mutant library, a clone (5F7) that gave the strongest ELISA signal was expressed, purified, and characterized. The dissociation constant of 5F7 (2.86 x 10(-8)M) was decreased 60-fold compared to the wild type clone G6 (1.72 x 10(-6)M). 5F7 detected L1 by Western blot analysis in mouse brain homogenates and recognized L1 in L1 transfected cells and cryosections from mouse retina and optic nerve by immunofluorescence. Bivalent 5F7 scFv antibody (5F7-Cys) was also generated and showed a dissociation constant of 5.22 x 10(-9)M that is 5.5-fold lower than that of monomeric 5F7 antibody. The bivalent affinity matured L1 scFv antibody thus showed stronger binding by a factor of 310 compared to the wild type clone. This antibody should be useful in various biological assays.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies / genetics
  • Antibodies / immunology*
  • Antibodies / metabolism
  • Antibody Affinity
  • Binding Sites, Antibody
  • CHO Cells
  • Cricetinae
  • Dimerization
  • Epitope Mapping
  • Genetic Vectors
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / genetics
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / immunology*
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region / metabolism
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Mice
  • Mutagenesis, Site-Directed
  • Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1 / immunology*
  • Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1 / metabolism
  • Optic Nerve / cytology
  • Optic Nerve / metabolism
  • Peptide Library*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / genetics
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Retina / cytology
  • Retina / metabolism


  • Antibodies
  • Immunoglobulin Variable Region
  • Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule L1
  • Peptide Library
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins