Increased expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 with fibrin deposition in a murine model of aging, "Klotho" mouse

Semin Thromb Hemost. 2002 Dec;28(6):545-54. doi: 10.1055/s-2002-36699.


Although aging accompanies specific pathological changes, including thrombosis and organ sclerosis, the underlying mechanisms of these processes remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we analyzed the gene expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), a key molecule in the development of thrombosis, in a murine model of aging, klotho mutant ( kl/kl) mice. Active PAI-1 antigen in plasma and PAI-1 mRNA in several tissues were strikingly elevated in kl/kl mice as compared with wild-type mice. This increased PAI-1 expression was age dependent and linked to the development of ectopic calcification and glomerular fibrin deposition in the kidneys. In situ hybridization analysis of kl/kl mice demonstrated that strong signals for PAI-1 mRNA were localized in renal tubular epithelial cells, cardiomyocytes, adrenal medullar cells, and smooth muscle and endothelial cells in Mönckeberg's arteriosclerotic vessels. Renal glomerular fibrin deposition, as evaluated immunohistochemically, was occasionally observed only in kl/kl mice, and the number of fibrin-positive glomeruli increased as the kl/kl mice aged. These observations suggest that in the process of aging the PAI-1 gene expression is increased, contributing to the development of thrombosis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / genetics*
  • Aging / metabolism*
  • Aging / pathology
  • Animals
  • Fibrin / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Glucuronidase
  • Kidney / metabolism
  • Kidney / pathology
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C3H
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Mice, Mutant Strains
  • Models, Animal
  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 / genetics*
  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1 / metabolism
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Thrombosis / etiology
  • Thrombosis / genetics
  • Thrombosis / metabolism
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Membrane Proteins
  • Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Fibrin
  • Glucuronidase
  • klotho protein