The Norwegian Twin Registers include several sets of population-based sub-registers, and covers twin pairs born between 1895 and today. Except for the missing birth years 1960 to 1967, the register is almost complete. Most of the register contains information about both same-sexed and opposite-sexed twin pairs, except for twin pairs born between 1946 and 1960, where only same-sexed twins are registered. In a substantial part of the register, information about zygosity is obtained, mainly by a mailed questionnaire and in some cases supported by DNA testing. These are the birth years 1915 to 1960 and the birth years 1967 to 1979. Zygosity information is further obtained in the different twin studies derived from the twin register. In 1990 the whole register was made available in a computerized form. Several twin studies have been derived from the different parts of the register. In this article, studies from the two earliest parts of the register are reviewed and grouped by recruitment specifics. Finally, future plans for the register and twin studies are discussed.