The 13C-urea breath test provides accurate, noninvasive diagnosis of active Helicobacter pylori infection and can document posttherapy cure. This study evaluated point-of-care testing with onsite sample analysis with the use of a desktop infrared spectrophotometer. Ambulatory patients (N=320) underwent 13C-urea breath testing, and breath samples were analyzed immediately by clinic staff with no prior breath testing experience. Duplicate samples were sent to a reference laboratory, and the results of both methods were compared. Point-of-care testing was simple, with an overall agreement of 99.1%. Accurate near-patient 13C-urea breath testing is now practical in the primary care setting even when done by inexperienced personnel.