What's New in Burn Microbiology? James Laing Memorial Prize Essay 2000

Burns. 2003 Feb;29(1):15-24. doi: 10.1016/s0305-4179(02)00203-6.

Abstract

A variety of factors contribute to the development of infection in burned patients. The role of wound management procedures, risk factors associated with infection, typical bacterial pathogens and associated exotoxins, current problems with antibiotic resistance, wound sampling and rare complications of infection are described. The use of new novel treatments that are currently being developed, such as cell signalling molecules and the increasing use of natural antimicrobial agents, for example honey, papaya fruit and tea-tree oil are discussed. The impact of new methods for earlier detection of infectious agents that could change future practices in burn care is also described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aromatherapy
  • Bacterial Infections / diagnosis*
  • Bacterial Infections / therapy
  • Bandages
  • Burns / immunology
  • Burns / microbiology*
  • Burns / therapy
  • DNA, Bacterial / analysis
  • Drug Resistance
  • Humans
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Middle Aged
  • Multiple Organ Failure
  • Odorants
  • Phytotherapy
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods
  • Pseudomonas Infections / diagnosis
  • Pseudomonas Infections / immunology
  • Pseudomonas Infections / therapy
  • Shock, Septic / complications
  • Skin Transplantation
  • Skin, Artificial
  • Staphylococcal Infections / diagnosis
  • Staphylococcal Infections / immunology
  • Staphylococcal Infections / therapy
  • Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis
  • Streptococcal Infections / immunology
  • Streptococcal Infections / therapy

Substances

  • DNA, Bacterial