Modulation by colony stimulating factors of human epithelial colon cancer cell apoptosis

Cytokine. 2002 Nov 24;20(4):163-7. doi: 10.1006/cyto.2002.1999.


Colony stimulating factors (CSF) promote leukocyte survival by reducing apoptotic cell death. However, their effects on non-leukocyte cell types are unclear. Reduced apoptosis in colon epithelial cells is thought to contribute to the initiation of cancer. Here, we report diminished spontaneous apoptosis of human colon epithelial HT-29 cells in the presence of macrophage-CSF or granulocyte macrophage-CSF. Moreover, reduced apoptosis induced by sulindac sulfide was also observed with macrophage-CSF. Granulocyte-CSF failed to modify spontaneous or sulindac sulfide induced apoptosis. It seems, therefore, that the action of CSFs on apoptosis is not confined to haematopoietic cells but may be extended to stromal cells.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology*
  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal / pharmacology
  • Apoptosis / drug effects*
  • Colonic Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Depression, Chemical
  • Epithelial Cells / drug effects
  • Epithelial Cells / pathology
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor / pharmacology*
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells / drug effects
  • Neoplastic Stem Cells / pathology
  • Stromal Cells / drug effects
  • Sulindac / pharmacology
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / drug effects
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured / pathology


  • Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
  • Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Sulindac
  • Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
  • Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor