Permeability issues in nasal drug delivery

Drug Discov Today. 2002 Sep 15;7(18):967-75. doi: 10.1016/s1359-6446(02)02452-2.


The nasal route is one of the most permeable and highly vascularized site for drug administration ensuring rapid absorption and onset of therapeutic action. It has been potentially explored as an alternative route for drugs with poor bioavailability and for the delivery of biosensitive and high molecular weight (MW) compounds such as proteins, peptides, steroids, vaccines, and so on. This review discusses the major factors affecting the permeability of drugs or biomolecules through the nasal mucosa, including biological, formulation and device-related factors. This information could potentially help to achieve desired plasma concentrations of drugs without compromising or altering the normal physiology of the nasal cavity.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Absorption
  • Administration, Intranasal*
  • Nasal Mucosa / metabolism
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / administration & dosage*
  • Pharmaceutical Preparations / chemistry


  • Pharmaceutical Preparations