Increasing clinical and pathological evidence suggests that malignant fibrous histiocytomas (MFH) comprise a heterogeneous tumor group. In a series of 108 MFH tested by comparative genomic hybridization, we found in 22 tumors high-level coamplification of the 12q14 approximately q15 chromosome region with other loci, a genetics strongly reminiscent of what has been observed for well-differentiated liposarcomas. Nevertheless, these MFH differ from liposarcomas by a high recurrence of coamplified partners because coamplified loci were seen at 1p32 in nine cases, 6q23 in seven cases, and 12q24 in six cases. The same recurrence was observed in a series of dedifferentiated liposarcomas, but not in a series of well-differentiated liposarcomas. These observations demonstrate that a subgroup of MFH share a genetic partner very similar to that observed in liposarcomas, and suggest that the undifferentiated status of these tumors is closely related to the amplifications of specific chromosome loci.