Decreased absorption of calcium, magnesium, zinc and phosphorus by humans due to increased fiber and phosphorus consumption as wheat bread

J Nutr. 1976 Apr;106(4):493-503. doi: 10.1093/jn/106.4.493.


During a 20 day period of high fiber consumption in the form of bread made partly from wheaten wholemeal, two men developed negative balances of calcium, magnesium, zinc and phosphorus due to increased fecal excretion of each element. The fecal losses correlated closely with fecal dry matter and phosphorus. Fecal dry matter, in turn, was directly proportional to fecal fiber excretion. Balances of nitrogen remained positive. Mineral elements were well-utilized by the same subjects during a 20-day period of white bread consumption.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bread / adverse effects
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Feces / analysis
  • Humans
  • Iran
  • Magnesium / metabolism*
  • Male
  • Nitrogen / metabolism
  • Phosphorus Metabolism Disorders / etiology
  • Phosphorus* / metabolism
  • Phosphorus* / pharmacology
  • Polysaccharides / metabolism
  • Polysaccharides / pharmacology*
  • Triticum / adverse effects*
  • Zinc / metabolism*


  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Polysaccharides
  • Phosphorus
  • Magnesium
  • Zinc
  • Nitrogen
  • Calcium