Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint as a sequela of septic arthritis and neonatal sepsis

Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2003 Jan;22(1):99-101. doi: 10.1097/00006454-200301000-00028.


Ankylosis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) can be a result of trauma, degenerative changes and infection or of a space-occupying lesion and, when occurring during early childhood, can result in severe functional disability and facial distortion. Septic arthritis of the TMJ is extremely rare in young infants. We report two children with TMJ ankylosis that is believed to have been a consequence of undiagnosed septic arthritis of the TMJ in the neonatal period.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Ankylosis / etiology*
  • Ankylosis / pathology
  • Arthritis, Infectious / complications*
  • Arthritis, Infectious / microbiology
  • Child
  • Escherichia coli / isolation & purification
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Sepsis / complications*
  • Sepsis / microbiology
  • Staphylococcus aureus / isolation & purification
  • Temporomandibular Joint* / anatomy & histology
  • Temporomandibular Joint* / surgery
  • Tomography Scanners, X-Ray Computed