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, 56 (3), 249-63

A New Estimate of Ukrainian Population Losses During the Crises of the 1930s and 1940s

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A New Estimate of Ukrainian Population Losses During the Crises of the 1930s and 1940s

Jacques Vallin et al. Popul Stud (Camb).

Abstract

Ukraine experienced two very acute demographic crises during the Soviet era: the 1933 famine and the Second World War. While different estimates of total losses have been produced previously, we have tried here to distinguish the specific impact of the crises on mortality from their impact on fertility and migration. Taking into account all existing sources of registered data and estimates, a painstaking reconstruction of annual demographic changes has been produced and complete annual life tables have been computed for the years 1926-59. Life expectancy at birth fell to a level as low as 10 years for females and 7 for males in 1933 and plateaued around 25 for females and 15 for males in the period 1941-44.

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