Future directions in residential segregation and health research: a multilevel approach

Am J Public Health. 2003 Feb;93(2):215-21. doi: 10.2105/ajph.93.2.215.


The authors examine the research evidence on the effect of residential segregation on health, identify research gaps, and propose new research directions. Four recommendations are made on the basis of a review of the sociological and social epidemiology literature on residential segregation: (1) develop multilevel research designs to examine the effects of individual, neighborhood, and metropolitan-area factors on health outcomes; (2) continue examining the health effects of residential segregation among African Americans but also initiate studies examining segregation among Hispanics and Asians; (3) consider racial/ethnic segregation along with income segregation and other metropolitan area factors such as poverty concentration and metropolitan governance fragmentation; and (4) develop better conceptual frameworks of the pathways that may link various segregation dimensions to specific health outcomes.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Demography
  • Ethnic Groups / classification*
  • Ethnic Groups / statistics & numerical data
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Health Status*
  • Housing* / classification
  • Humans
  • Prejudice*
  • Psychology, Social
  • Public Health
  • Residence Characteristics* / classification
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • United States / epidemiology
  • Urban Health