Essential hypertension: antecedents in children

Indian Pediatr. 2003 Jan;40(1):24-9.

Abstract

A prospective study was conducted to determine the incidence of essential hypertension (EH) and identify markers, if any, in children of essential hypertension families. The study group included 90 children (2-18 years) with a parent or grandparent with EH while the control group had 25 age matched children from non-hypertensive families. Around 30% children (n=27) from these families had a diastolic blood pressure of >95th centile and an additional 27% (n=24) had borderline hypertension. The serum cholesterol, serum triglycerides and 24 hour urinary sodium excretion were significantly higher in the study group (p < 0.05) as compared to controls. The children from the study group also had a significant high salt (p < 0.001) and fat intake (P < 0.05).

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Blood Pressure Determination
  • Body Mass Index
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / diagnosis*
  • Hypertension / epidemiology
  • Hypertension / metabolism
  • Incidence
  • India / epidemiology
  • Pedigree
  • Prospective Studies
  • Sodium / urine
  • Sodium, Dietary / administration & dosage
  • Triglycerides / blood

Substances

  • Sodium, Dietary
  • Triglycerides
  • Cholesterol
  • Sodium