Effects of the antigravitary modification of the myotension of asset (MAGMA) therapy on myogenic cranio-cervical-mandibular dysfunction: a longitudinal surface electromyography analysis

Cranio. 2003 Jan;21(1):24-30. doi: 10.1080/08869634.2003.11746228.


This study was aimed at evaluating the effects of a novel physiotherapy machine called MAGMA (AntiGravitary Modification of the Myotensions of Asset) on postural and masticatory muscles of subjects with myogenic cranio-cervical-mandibular dysfunction (CMD), by using surface electromyography (sEMG). Fifteen subjects, nine males and six females (mean age 27.6 years), with CMD were included in the study. The bilaterally monitored muscles were: masseter, anterior and posterior temporalis, digastric, posterior cervical, sternocleidomastoid, and upper and lower trapezius. All muscles were monitored at rest, with a second record of maximal voluntary clenching (MVC) for both the masseter and anterior temporalis. Patients were subjected to MAGMA therapy for one session/week of 30 min over ten weeks. The surface EMG activity was recorded twice, at the baseline and at the end of the therapy. After MAGMA therapy, the sEMG activity at rest of the monitored muscles was significantly better when compared to the baseline; the only exception was the anterior and posterior temporalis muscles which did not improve. On the contrary, with the MVC, all the monitored muscles (masseter and anterior temporalis) significantly improved their sEMG activity. Although more investigations are needed, these results indicate that the use of such antigravitary therapy can provide a tool for resolving myogenic CMD.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Back
  • Craniomandibular Disorders / therapy*
  • Electromyography / methods*
  • Equipment Design
  • Female
  • Gravity, Altered
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Masseter Muscle / physiopathology
  • Matched-Pair Analysis
  • Muscle Contraction / physiology
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiopathology
  • Neck Muscles / physiology
  • Physical Therapy Modalities* / instrumentation
  • Posture / physiology
  • Statistics as Topic
  • Temporal Muscle / physiopathology