Haplotype structure of TP53 locus in Indian population and possible association with head and neck cancer

Ann Hum Genet. 2003 Jan;67(Pt 1):26-34. doi: 10.1046/j.1469-1809.2003.00005.x.


It has been proposed that a constellation of three TP53 polymorphisms (intron 3 16 bp duplication, codon 72 BstUI, and intron 6 Nci I RFLP at nt 13494) constitute a haplotype predictive of increased cancer risk. We have estimated the allele frequency of these polymorphisms in three endogamous Indian ethnic populations from three different geographic locations (viz. Iyer from south India, Brahmin from central India and Mahishya from eastern India), as well as in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients, and in ethnically matched normal individuals from the eastern region of India. The genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the three polymorphisms in all but one population, as well as in patients, showed a good fit to Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Strong linkage disequilibria were observed between all loci in every population examined, except for the 16bp-Nci I haplotype in the Mahishya population. The Mahishya population differed significantly from the other two populations with respect to differences in allele frequency and haplotype frequency. Although there were no significant differences in genotypic frequency at any of the loci between HNSCC patients and the matched control population, the minor allele frequency of codon 72 and intron 3 16 bp polymorphisms showed significant variation. Variation in overall haplotype frequency between patients and normal individuals was significant (p = 0.036) when two rare haplotypes 2-1-2 and 1-2-1 were combined. The rare haplotype 2-1-2 was found to be modestly over represented in HNSCC patients as compared to normal individuals.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • DNA / blood
  • DNA / genetics
  • Gene Frequency*
  • Genes, p53 / genetics*
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genetics, Population*
  • Haplotypes*
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / epidemiology
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms / genetics*
  • Humans
  • India
  • Linkage Disequilibrium*


  • DNA