Redox catalysts as sensitisers towards oxidative stress

FEBS Lett. 2003 Jan 30;535(1-3):179-82. doi: 10.1016/s0014-5793(02)03890-5.

Abstract

The predominance of oxidative stress in many tumour cell environments provides a means to selectively target these cells via protein oxidation. The zinc fingers of transcription factors utilise cysteine thiols for structural zinc coordination. Redox control of DNA binding regulates transcription and therefore the overall rates of proliferation, apoptosis and necrosis in the carcinoma. We report here the adverse effects of glutathione peroxidase (GPx) mimics towards zinc finger motifs and PC12 cell survival. Nanomolar catalyst concentrations facilitated H2O2-induced oxidation of an Sp1 transcription factor fragment. In PC12 cells GPx catalysis triggered a significant increase in cell death, correlating with severity of oxidative stress. As a consequence, we conclude that GPx mimics are potential chemotherapeutic agents.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Azoles / pharmacology
  • Catalysis / drug effects
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Chalcogens / chemistry*
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Synergism
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / chemistry
  • Hydrogen Peroxide / pharmacology*
  • Organometallic Compounds / chemistry
  • Organometallic Compounds / pharmacology*
  • Organoselenium Compounds / pharmacology
  • Oxidation-Reduction / drug effects
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects*
  • PC12 Cells / cytology
  • PC12 Cells / drug effects*
  • Peptide Fragments / chemistry
  • Peptide Fragments / drug effects
  • Rats
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / chemistry
  • Reactive Oxygen Species / pharmacology
  • Selenium / chemistry
  • Sp1 Transcription Factor / chemistry
  • Tellurium / chemistry
  • Zinc Fingers / drug effects

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Azoles
  • Chalcogens
  • Organometallic Compounds
  • Organoselenium Compounds
  • Peptide Fragments
  • Reactive Oxygen Species
  • Sp1 Transcription Factor
  • ebselen
  • Hydrogen Peroxide
  • Glutathione Peroxidase
  • Selenium
  • Tellurium