The objective was to compare early results of two different techniques of esophagectomies performed due to cancer.
Methods: All 42 patients were examined according to the protocol preoperatively; 19 of them underwent esophagectomy with two-field lymphadenectomy and intrathoracic anastomosis, while 23 patients underwent esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy and cervical anastomosis. The morbidity and mortality was studied in the intrahospital period.
Results: Morbidity and mortality rates were 26.3 and 5.2 percent in the first and 56.5 and 21.7 percent in the second group respectively. The conclusion is made that esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy and anastomosis in the neck gives higher morbidity and mortality rates in the early postoperative periods. Late results, quality of life and survival should be investigated.