Alcohol and cardiovascular disease--more than one paradox to consider. Alcohol and hypertension: does it matter? Yes

J Cardiovasc Risk. 2003 Feb;10(1):21-4. doi: 10.1097/01.hjr.0000051960.68260.79.


Observational studies and clinical experiments solidly establish an empiric relationship between heavy drinking (>/= 3 standard drinks/day) and higher blood pressure. A biologic mechanism for this link remains unclear. It has been difficult to study the incidence of usual hypertension sequelae in alcohol-associated hypertension because of complex interactions of alcohol, hypertension and cardiovascular conditions. Even with these limitations, a causal association is the most likely explanation and control of alcohol intake is probably important in prevention and treatment of hypertension.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Alcohol Drinking / adverse effects*
  • Alcohol Drinking / physiopathology
  • Causality
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / etiology*
  • Hypertension / physiopathology
  • Risk Factors