Serum S100B is suitable for prediction and monitoring of response to chemoimmunotherapy in metastatic malignant melanoma

Melanoma Res. 2003 Feb;13(1):45-9. doi: 10.1097/00008390-200302000-00008.


Serum S100B and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels were evaluated for their ability to predict response in patients with metastatic malignant melanoma and to determine their usefulness in monitoring the results of chemoimmunotherapy. Levels were studied in 53 patients with metastatic malignant melanoma receiving chemoimmunotherapy and in 19 control patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma receiving a similar immunotherapy regimen. The serum S100B level was elevated in 81% of the patients before treatment. Marker levels were significantly higher in patients who did not respond (n = 22). Patients with S100B levels >or= 1.0 microg/l were less likely to obtain remission or stable disease than the group with normal or moderately elevated serum concentrations (P < 0.01). After treatment, 17 of the 31 (55%) patients with stable or responsive disease had a S100B serum level below the cut-off point versus only one of the 22 (5%) patients in the group with progressive disease. For LDH the proportions of patients were 17 out of 31 (55%) and nine out of 22 (41%), respectively. In 15 melanoma patients there was a transient rise in the level of serum S100B at the beginning of systemic therapy. All 19 patients in the control group had an initial serum S100B level <or= 0.16 microg/l, but nine showed a transient rise during immunotherapy. In conclusion, S100B levels are of value for predicting the response to and for monitoring patients during chemoimmunotherapy.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antineoplastic Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Biomarkers, Tumor / blood*
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / blood
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / secondary
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell / therapy
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy*
  • Kidney Neoplasms / blood
  • Kidney Neoplasms / pathology
  • Kidney Neoplasms / therapy
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase / blood
  • Male
  • Melanoma / blood*
  • Melanoma / secondary
  • Melanoma / therapy
  • Middle Aged
  • Neoplasm Staging
  • Nerve Growth Factors / blood*
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prognosis
  • S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit
  • S100 Proteins / blood*
  • Skin Neoplasms / blood*
  • Skin Neoplasms / pathology
  • Skin Neoplasms / therapy
  • Up-Regulation


  • Antineoplastic Agents
  • Biomarkers, Tumor
  • Nerve Growth Factors
  • S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit
  • S100 Proteins
  • S100B protein, human
  • L-Lactate Dehydrogenase