Structure and evolution of the mitochondrial control region of leaf beetles (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae): a hierarchical analysis of nucleotide sequence variation

J Mol Evol. 2003 Jan;56(1):38-45. doi: 10.1007/s00239-002-2378-1.

Abstract

To assess the levels of variation at different evolutionary scales in the mitochondrial (mt) control region of leaf beetles, we sequenced and compared the full mt control region in two genera ( Chrysomela and Gonioctena), in two species within a genus ( Gonioctena olivacea and G. pallida), in individuals from distant populations of these species in Europe, and in individuals from populations separated by moderate (10- to 100-km) to short (<5-km) distances. In all individuals, a highly repetitive section consisting of the tandem repetition of 12 to 17 imperfect copies of a 107- to 159-bp-long core sequence was observed. This repetitive fragment accounts for roughly 50% of the full control-region length. The sequence variability among repeated elements within the control region of a given individual depends on the species considered: the variability within any G. olivacea individual is much higher than that within G. pallida individuals. Comparisons of the repeated elements, in a phylogenetic framework, within and among individuals of G. olivacea and G. pallida suggests that the repetitive section of the control region experienced recurrent duplications/deletions, leading to some degree of concerted evolution. Comparisons between Chrysomela and Gonioctena control regions revealed virtually no significant sequence similarity, except for two long stretches of A's and several [T(T)A(A)] repeats, all found in the control region of other insect orders. Our analyses allowed us to identify portions of the control region with enough variation for population genetic or phylogeographic studies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Coleoptera / genetics*
  • Coleoptera / metabolism
  • Evolution, Molecular*
  • Genetic Variation
  • Mitochondria / genetics*
  • Mitochondria / metabolism
  • Phylogeny
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA