Carboplatin (CBDCA) has been widely used for the treatment of oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). The Bcl-2 family member Bcl-xL has been demonstrated to provide resistance to chemotherapeutic agents including CBDCA. Morpholino Bcl-xL antisense oligonucleotides (oligos) were employed to down-regulate Bcl-xL in CBDCA-resistant (MIT8, MIT16) as well as CBDCA-sensitive (MIT7) SCC cell lines. The oligos were delivered to adherent cells using a scrape-load procedure. The Bcl-xL antisense reduced Bcl-xL levels without altering the level of control actin, suggesting the specificity of this agent. The addition of Bcl-xL antisense oligos substantially prevented the cell growth of both CBDCA-sensitive and-resistant cells. The CBDCA-induced partial prevention of cell growth was further augmented by the addition of the Bcl-xL, but not the control, antisense oligos. The morpholino type Bcl-xL antisense oligos may be useful for the treatment of SCC, especially multidrug-resistant tumors with enhanced Bcl-xL levels.