Dibenzyl sulfide metabolism by white rot fungi

Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003 Feb;69(2):1320-4. doi: 10.1128/AEM.69.2.1320-1324.2003.


Microbial metabolism of organosulfur compounds is of interest in the petroleum industry for in-field viscosity reduction and desulfurization. Here, dibenzyl sulfide (DBS) metabolism in white rot fungi was studied. Trametes trogii UAMH 8156, Trametes hirsuta UAMH 8165, Phanerochaete chrysosporium ATCC 24725, Trametes versicolor IFO 30340 (formerly Coriolus sp.), and Tyromyces palustris IFO 30339 all oxidized DBS to dibenzyl sulfoxide prior to oxidation to dibenzyl sulfone. The cytochrome P-450 inhibitor 1-aminobenzotriazole eliminated dibenzyl sulfoxide oxidation. Laccase activity (0.15 U/ml) was detected in the Trametes cultures, and concentrated culture supernatant and pure laccase catalyzed DBS oxidation to dibenzyl sulfoxide more efficiently in the presence of 2,2'-azinobis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonate) (ABTS) than in its absence. These data suggest that the first oxidation step is catalyzed by extracellular enzymes but that subsequent metabolism is cytochrome P-450 mediated.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Basidiomycota / enzymology*
  • Basidiomycota / growth & development
  • Benzyl Compounds / metabolism*
  • Culture Media
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System / metabolism
  • Laccase
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Oxidoreductases / metabolism
  • Phanerochaete / metabolism
  • Time Factors


  • Benzyl Compounds
  • Culture Media
  • Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
  • Oxidoreductases
  • Laccase
  • benzyl sulfide