Eight-year study of allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis in an Indian teaching hospital

Mycoses. 2002 Oct;45(8):295-9. doi: 10.1046/j.1439-0507.2002.00738.x.


A total of 651 patients with clinically suspected allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) were evaluated during the 8-year period from January 1991 to December 1998. Overall, 338 cases (51.9%) were positive either by sputum microscopy/culture (66 of 203 patients), by skin reactivity (150 of 309 cases), or by precipitating antibodies (122 of 338 patients) against Aspergillus species. However, in 89 patients, diagnosis of ABPA was confirmed on the basis of Rosenberg's criteria. Clinical profile and laboratory findings of those patients were analysed. The disease was found to be more common among males. Poor control of asthma, constitutional symptoms, mucopurulent expectoration, increased dyspnoea and wheezing and rhonchi were the main presenting features. Skin reactivity against aspergillin was seen in 73 (82%), precipitating antibodies against Aspergillus species were positive in 64 (72%) and sputum microscopy/culture was positive in 56 (63%) of those 89 patients. Central bronchiectasis and fleeting shadows were the most common radiological findings. This study highlights the importance of ABPA in north India and draws attention to the need for further analysis of criteria to use in the diagnosis of patients with ABPA.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antibodies, Fungal / blood
  • Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary / diagnosis*
  • Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary / epidemiology*
  • Aspergillosis, Allergic Bronchopulmonary / microbiology
  • Aspergillus flavus / isolation & purification
  • Aspergillus fumigatus / isolation & purification
  • Culture Media
  • Female
  • Hospitals, Teaching*
  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Tests
  • Sputum / microbiology


  • Antibodies, Fungal
  • Culture Media