Ubiquitin signals protein trafficking via interaction with a novel ubiquitin binding domain in the membrane fusion regulator, Vps9p

Curr Biol. 2003 Feb 4;13(3):258-62. doi: 10.1016/s0960-9822(03)00043-5.

Abstract

The conserved vacuolar protein-sorting (Vps) pathway controls the trafficking of proteins to the vacuole/lysosome. Both the internalization of ubiquitylated cargo from the plasma membrane and its sorting at the late endosome via the Vps pathway depend on ubiquitin (Ub) binding motifs present in trafficking regulators. Here we report that Ub controls yet a third step in the Vps pathway. Vps9p, which promotes endosomal and Golgi-derived vesicle fusion, binds directly to Ub via a Cue1p-homologous (CUE) domain. The CUE domain is structurally related to the Ub-associated (UBA) domain. In an assay for vacuolar delivery of a transmembrane receptor fused to Ub, a Ub mutation impairing interaction with Vps9p led to a cytoplasmic block in receptor trafficking. This block resembled that of a receptor fused to wild-type Ub but expressed in a vps9-null background. Strikingly, this trafficking defect caused by a mutant Ub was rescued by deletion of the Vps9p CUE domain, indicating that lack of the CUE domain renders Vps9p independent of Ub for activation in vivo. We thus provide evidence for biochemical and genetic interactions between Ub and a novel Ub binding domain in Vps9p. Ub plays a positive role, whereas the CUE domain plays both positive and negative roles in Vps9p function in trafficking.

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Carrier Proteins / genetics
  • Carrier Proteins / metabolism*
  • Endocytosis / physiology
  • Fungal Proteins / genetics
  • Fungal Proteins / metabolism*
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Membrane Fusion / physiology*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protein Transport / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Sequence Alignment
  • Signal Transduction / physiology*
  • Two-Hybrid System Techniques
  • Ubiquitin / genetics
  • Ubiquitin / metabolism*
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins*

Substances

  • Carrier Proteins
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins
  • Ubiquitin
  • VPS9 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Vesicular Transport Proteins