Methionine sulfoxide is an oxidation product of methionine with reactive oxygen species via 2-electron-dependent mechanism. Such oxidants can be generated from activated neutrophils; therefore, methionine sulfoxide can be regarded as a biomarker of oxidative stress in vivo. We describe here a method for the simultaneous determination of methionine sulfoxide and methionine in blood plasma using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry with isotopically labeled compounds as internal standards. This method comprises the inclusion of [Me-13C, Me-2H(3)]methionine sulfoxide and [Me-13C, Me-2H(3)]methionine into plasma, the removal of plasma proteins using acetonitrile, the purification of amino acids with cation-exchange chromatography, and the derivatization of methionine sulfoxide and methionine to their corresponding tert-butyldimethylsilyl derivatives using N-(tert-butyldimethylsilyl)-N-methyltrifluoroacetamide. Quantitation was performed by electron impact mode. The levels of methionine sulfoxide in healthy human blood plasma were 4.0 +/- 1.0 microM (means +/- SD, n = 8), indicating that approximately 10% of methionine is detected as the oxidized form in healthy human plasma. The ratio of methionine sulfoxide in total methionine increased with treatment of human blood with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, while this ratio remained constant in plasma from alloxan-induced hyperglycemic rabbits. These results indicate that this method is applicable for plasma samples and methionine sulfoxide can represent oxidative stress caused by nonradical oxidation in vivo.
Copyright 2003 Elsevier Science (USA)