Histamine H1 receptors in the ventromedial hypothalamus mediate the anorectic action of the pancreatic hormone amylin

Peptides. 2003 Jan;24(1):155-8. doi: 10.1016/s0196-9781(02)00288-7.


In the present study we investigated the role of hypothalamic histamine H(1) receptors in the mediation of peripheral amylin's anorectic effect. Rats with chronically implanted bilateral cannulas were infused into the ventromedial hypothalamus (VMH) with the specific histamine H(1) receptor antagonists pyrilamine (PYR, 104 nmol/rat) or chlorpheniramine (CPA, 52 nmol/rat), respectively, combined with an intraperitoneal (IP) injection of amylin (5 microg/kg). Amylin's inhibitory effect on food intake (i.e. 50% reduction in cumulative food intake 30 min after ingestion) was markedly reduced by CPA and PYR (e.g. amylin and CPA: 5% reduction versus control). We therefore suggest an important role of hypothalamic H(1) receptors in the signal transduction of peripheral amylin's anorectic action.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amyloid / physiology*
  • Animals
  • Chlorpheniramine / administration & dosage
  • Chlorpheniramine / pharmacology
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists / administration & dosage
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists / pharmacology
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
  • Male
  • Pyrilamine / administration & dosage
  • Pyrilamine / pharmacology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, Histamine H1 / physiology*
  • Ventromedial Hypothalamic Nucleus / physiology*


  • Amyloid
  • Histamine H1 Antagonists
  • Islet Amyloid Polypeptide
  • Receptors, Histamine H1
  • Chlorpheniramine
  • Pyrilamine