Prediction of 1 repetition maximum in high-school power lifters

J Strength Cond Res. 2003 Feb;17(1):167-72. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2003)017<0167:pormih>;2.


Eighteen elite male power lifters performed 1-repetition maximum (1RM) and submaximal strength tests (70, 80, and 90% 1RM) to develop prediction equations for the squat (SQ), bench press (BP), and deadlift (DL) exercises. For each equation, stepwise multiple-regression prediction procedure included the maximum number of repetitions (REPS) completed at a given %1RM weight (REPWT). For SQ and BP the 70% 1RM yielded the best 1RM prediction equations: (1RM SQ [kg]) = 159.9 + (0.103 x REPS x REPWT) + (-11.552 x REPS), with a standard error of the estimate (SEE) of 5.06 kg; (1RM BP [kg]) = 90.66 + (0.085 x REPS x REPWT) + (-5.306 x REPS), with an SEE of 2.69 kg. For DL the 80% 1RM yielded the best prediction equation: (1RM DL [kg]) = 156.08 + (0.098 x REPS x REPWT) + (-12.106 x REPS), with an SEE of 4.97 kg. The athlete's years lifted (number of years of power lifting experience) was highly correlated with the 1RM strength for BP and DL (r > 0.70) but not for SQ (r < 0.70). No bodily structural dimension variable had a significant correlation with 1RM strength (r < 0.70). The results of this study indicate that 1RM SQ, BP, and DL may be predicted with an acceptable degree of accuracy in elite male high-school power lifter subjects.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Body Composition
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Muscle Contraction*
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Weight Lifting / physiology*