Standardization of the renogram technique for investigating the dilated upper urinary tract and assessing the results of surgery

BJU Int. 2003 Feb;91(3):239-43. doi: 10.1046/j.1464-410x.2003.04050.x.


Objective: To recommend a standard technique for the renographic evaluation of the dilated upper urinary tract, and for evaluating the results of surgery.

Methods: This review is an update of the previously recommended consensus report of the 9th International Symposium of Radionuclides in Nephrourology.

Results: State-of-the-art recommendations are detailed for standardizing common radionuclide investigations.

Conclusions: Where open, laparoscopic or endourological techniques for treating pelvi-ureteric junction obstruction are under study, results can only be compared by standardizing the investigational techniques. The guidelines produced here are recommended for this purpose.

Publication types

  • Guideline
  • Practice Guideline

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Contrast Media
  • Dilatation, Pathologic / diagnostic imaging
  • Dilatation, Pathologic / surgery
  • Diuresis
  • Diuretics* / administration & dosage
  • Furosemide* / administration & dosage
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infusions, Intravenous / methods
  • Iodine Radioisotopes / administration & dosage
  • Iodohippuric Acid
  • Radioisotope Renography / standards*
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Ureteral Obstruction / diagnostic imaging*
  • Ureteral Obstruction / surgery
  • Urinary Catheterization


  • Contrast Media
  • Diuretics
  • Iodine Radioisotopes
  • Radiopharmaceuticals
  • Iodohippuric Acid
  • Furosemide
  • Technetium Tc 99m Pentetate