Identification of resistance gene analogs linked to a powdery mildew resistance locus in grapevine

Theor Appl Genet. 2002 Mar;104(4):610-618. doi: 10.1007/s00122-001-0768-1.


Oligonucleotide primers, designed to conserved regions of nucleotide binding site (NBS) motifs within previously cloned pathogen resistance genes, were used to amplify resistance gene analogs (RGAs) from grapevine. Twenty eight unique grapevine RGA sequences were identified and subdivided into 22 groups on the basis of nucleic acid sequence-identity of approximately 70% or greater. Representatives from each group were used in a bulked segregant analysis strategy to screen for restriction fragment length polymorphisms linked to the powdery mildew resistance locus, Run1, introgressed into Vitis vinifera L. from the wild grape species Muscadinia rotundifolia. Three RGA markers were found to be tightly linked to the Run1 locus. Of these markers, two (GLP1-12 and MHD145) cosegregated with the resistance phenotype in 167 progeny tested, whereas the third marker (MHD98) was mapped to a position 2.4 cM from the Run1 locus. The results demonstrate the usefulness of RGA sequences, when used in combination with bulked segregant analysis, to rapidly generate markers tightly linked to resistance loci in crop species.