We determined insulin-stimulated Na(+),K(+)-ATPase isoform-specific translocation to the skeletal muscle plasma membrane. When rat muscle plasma membrane fractions were isolated by discontinuous sucrose gradients, insulin-stimulated translocation of alpha(2)- but not alpha(1)-subunits was detected. However, using cell surface biotinylation techniques, an insulin-induced membrane translocation of both alpha(1) and alpha(2)-subunits in rat epitrochlearis muscle and cultured human skeletal muscle cells was noted. Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha-subunit translocation was abolished by the phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase inhibitor wortmannin, as well as by the protein kinase C inhibitor GF109203X. Thus, insulin mediates Na(+),K(+)-ATPase alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-subunit translocation to the skeletal muscle plasma membrane via a PI 3-kinase-dependent mechanism.