Tamalin is a scaffold protein that comprises multiple protein-interacting domains, including a 95-kDa postsynaptic density protein (PSD-95)/discs-large/ZO-1 (PDZ) domain, a leucine-zipper region, and a carboxyl-terminal PDZ binding motif. Tamalin forms a complex with metabotropic glutamate receptors and guanine nucleotide exchange factor cytohesins and promotes intracellular trafficking and cell surface expression of group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptors. In the present study, using several different approaches we have shown that tamalin interacts with multiple neuronal proteins through its distinct protein-binding domains. The PDZ domain of tamalin binds to the PDZ binding motifs of SAP90/PSD-95-associated protein and tamalin itself, whereas the PDZ binding motif of tamalin is capable of interacting with the PDZ domain of S-SCAM. In addition, tamalin forms a complex with PSD-95 and Mint2/X11beta/X11L by mechanisms different from the PDZ-mediated interaction. Tamalin has the ability to assemble with these proteins in vivo; their protein complex with tamalin was verified by coimmunoprecipitation of rat brain lysates. Interestingly, the distinct protein-interacting domains of tamalin are evolutionarily conserved, and mRNA expression is developmentally up-regulated at the postnatal period. The results indicate that tamalin exists as a key element that forms a protein complex with multiple postsynaptic and protein-trafficking scaffold proteins.