Dietary restriction normalizes glucose metabolism and BDNF levels, slows disease progression, and increases survival in huntingtin mutant mice

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003 Mar 4;100(5):2911-6. doi: 10.1073/pnas.0536856100. Epub 2003 Feb 14.


In addition to neurological deficits, Huntington's disease (HD) patients and transgenic mice expressing mutant human huntingtin exhibit reduced levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor, hyperglycemia, and tissue wasting. We show that the progression of neuropathological (formation of huntingtin inclusions and apoptotic protease activation), behavioral (motor dysfunction), and metabolic (glucose intolerance and tissue wasting) abnormalities in huntingtin mutant mice, an animal model of HD, are retarded when the mice are maintained on a dietary restriction (DR) feeding regimen resulting in an extension of their life span. DR increases levels of brain-derived neurotrophic factor and the protein chaperone heat-shock protein-70 in the striatum and cortex, which are depleted in HD mice fed a normal diet. The suppression of the pathogenic processes by DR in HD mice suggests that mutant huntingtin promotes neuronal degeneration by impairing cellular stress resistance, and that the body wasting in HD is driven by the neurodegenerative process. Our findings suggest a dietary intervention that may suppress the disease process and increase the life span of humans that carry the mutant huntingtin gene.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Behavior, Animal
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Brain / pathology
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / blood*
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor / metabolism*
  • Caspases / metabolism
  • Cell Survival
  • Disease Progression
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Glucose / metabolism*
  • Huntingtin Protein
  • Immunoblotting
  • Insulin / blood
  • Leptin / blood
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Transgenic
  • Mutation*
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins / genetics*
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / genetics
  • Neurodegenerative Diseases / metabolism
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics*
  • Time Factors
  • Up-Regulation


  • Blood Glucose
  • Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor
  • Htt protein, mouse
  • Huntingtin Protein
  • Insulin
  • Leptin
  • Nerve Tissue Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Caspases
  • Glucose