Association between the class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and the class II invariant chain-associated peptide (CLIP) occurs naturally as an intermediate step in the MHC class II processing pathway. Here, we report the crystal structure of the murine class II MHC molecule I-A(b) in complex with human CLIP at 2.15A resolution. The structure of I-A(b) accounts, via the peptide-binding groove's unique physicochemistry, for the distinct peptide repertoire bound by this allele. CLIP adopts a similar conformation to peptides bound by other I-A alleles, reinforcing the notion that CLIP is presented as a conventional peptide antigen. When compared to the related HLA-DR3/CLIP complex structure, the CLIP peptide displays a slightly different conformation and distinct interaction pattern with residues in I-A(b). In addition, after examining the published sequences of peptides presented by I-A(b), we discuss the possibility of predicting peptide alignment in the I-A(b) binding groove using a simple scoring matrix.