Study design: A case series of adults with surgical treatment for adult idiopathic thoracolumbar and/or lumbar scoliosis, low back pain, and spinal stenosis was studied.
Objective: To assess pain relief, curve correction, and complications after combined procedures consisting of decompression, spine fusion, and stabilization.
Summary of background data: Only one publication has focused specifically at this group, and this was before the advent of modern segmental instrumentation. This is the first report of long-term follow-up evaluation in such a patient population.
Methods: This study included 16 patients who underwent elective anterior and posterior surgical reconstruction for adult idiopathic thoracolumbar and/or lumbar scoliosis, spinal stenosis, and low back pain with a minimum follow-up period of 2 years. Radiographic findings, clinical results, and long-term outcome data were obtained using the Modified Scoliosis Research Society outcome instrument and the Oswestry Disability Back Pain Questionnaire.
Results: Restoration of coronal and sagittal balance, or improvement thereof, was achieved in all the patients with balance problems. There was significant improvement in all outcome domains. Overall, 94% of the patients were satisfied with the surgery. Ten major complications occurred in 10 patients, 8 of whom required additional surgery. There were two minor complications.
Conclusions: Combined symptoms of back pain and spinal stenosis require complex reconstructive surgery in adults with idiopathic thoracolumbar and/or lumbar scoliosis. Significant pain relief, functional restoration, and satisfaction can be achieved and maintained over the long term in the properly selected patient.