Infusion of isoproterenol intravenously in normal dogs at rates of 0.10 or 0.018 mug/min per kg body wt increased renin secretion; at the lower infusion rate arterial pressure (AP) and renal blood flow (RBF) were unchanged. Isoproterenol was also infused into the renal artery in normal dogs at 0.10 mug/min per kg; renin secretion increased in association with an increase in RBF but AP was unchanged. Plasma K concentration was consistently decreased in all three of the above experiments and because hypokalemia is known to increase renin release isoproterenol was not infused intrarenally at the lower rate; the decrease in plasma K level precluded relating the entire response in renin release to isoproterenol. Intrarenal infusion of propranolol at 0.05 mg/kg per h in Na-depleted dogs decreased renin secretion whereas intravenous infusion at the same dose failed to alter renin release. Intrarenal infusion of propranolol at this rate in Na-depleted dogs with a denervated, nonfiltering kidney also decreased renin release. In contrast, intrarenal infusion of phentolamine or phenoxybenzamine in normal dogs failed to alter renin secretion in doses that blocked alpha-adrenergic receptors. These experiments provide strong evidence for an intrarenal beta-adrenergic receptor that mediates renin release, and it seems likely from the experiment in the denervated, nonfiltering kidney that the receptor is located in the juxtaglomerular cells.