Relaxin regulates fibrillin 2, but not fibrillin 1, mRNA and protein expression by human dermal fibroblasts and murine fetal skin

Arch Biochem Biophys. 2003 Mar 1;411(1):47-55. doi: 10.1016/s0003-9861(02)00710-5.


Relaxin modulates connective tissue remodeling by altering matrix molecule expression. We have found that relaxin specifically inhibits a microfibril component, fibrillin 2 (FBN2), without affecting fibrillin 1 (FBN1). Human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) grown or stimulated to overexpress fibrillin expression were used to show that relaxin specifically down-regulated FBN2 mRNA and protein levels. Continuous exposure of HDFs to relaxin (30ng/ml) significantly (P<0.05) decreased fibrillin 2 protein (40%) while FBN1 protein expression was unchanged. Our in vitro studies were confirmed using relaxin null mice whereby the absence of relaxin was associated with increased FBN2 mRNA and protein in fetal skin from pregnant relaxin knockout mice. The regulation of FBN2 expression may be associated with functional changes in elastic tissues during development and growth.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Primers
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins / genetics
  • Fibrillin-1
  • Fibrillin-2
  • Fibrillins
  • Gene Expression Regulation*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Knockout
  • Microfilament Proteins / genetics*
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • Relaxin / deficiency
  • Relaxin / genetics
  • Relaxin / physiology*
  • Skin / embryology
  • Skin / metabolism*


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • DNA Primers
  • Extracellular Matrix Proteins
  • FBN1 protein, human
  • FBN2 protein, human
  • Fbn1 protein, mouse
  • Fbn2 protein, mouse
  • Fibrillin-1
  • Fibrillin-2
  • Fibrillins
  • Microfilament Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Relaxin