Application of attribute control charts to risk-adjusted data for monitoring and improving health care performance

Qual Manag Health Care. 2003 Jan-Mar;12(1):5-19. doi: 10.1097/00019514-200301000-00004.


This article proposes a new class of control charts that may be used for monitoring and improving the quality of care. Unlike conventional control charts that rely on observed performance data, these charts use risk-adjusted data in addition to the observed data. The resulting time-ordered charts are capable of reducing time-to-time variation that may stem from uncontrollable changes in patient mix over time. Depending on how observed and risk-adjusted data are combined, proposed charts are categorized under the framework of either additive or multiplicative models. Risk-adjusted rates are obtained using multivariate logistic regression models. It was found that the risk-adjusted control charts could be effective in reducing biases that arise from variation in patient mix. These charts can potentially achieve higher sensitivity and specificity compared with ordinary control charts.

MeSH terms

  • Cesarean Section / statistics & numerical data
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Diagnosis-Related Groups
  • Female
  • Hospital Mortality
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Logistic Models
  • Medical Records / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pregnancy
  • Risk Adjustment / statistics & numerical data*
  • Total Quality Management / methods*
  • Total Quality Management / statistics & numerical data
  • United States / epidemiology