Comparison of blood particle deposition models for non-parallel flow domains

J Biomech. 2003 Mar;36(3):421-30. doi: 10.1016/s0021-9290(02)00434-7.


Adhesions of monocytes and platelets to a vascular surface, particularly in regions of flow stagnation, recirculation, and reattachment, are a significant initial event in a broad spectrum of particle-wall interactions that significantly influence the formation of stenotic lesions and mural thrombi. A number of approximations are available for the simulation of both monocyte and platelet interactions with the vascular surface. For the simulation of blood particle adhesion, this study hypothesizes that: (a) the discrete element approach, which accounts for finite particle size and inertia, is advantageous in the context of non-parallel flow domains including stagnation, recirculation, and reattachment; and (b) the likelihood for particle deposition may be effectively approximated as being non-linearly proportional to local particle concentration, residence time, and wall proximity. Models such as wall shear stress correlations, the multicomponent mixture approach, and Lagrangian particle tracking with and without hydrodynamic particle-wall interactions were evaluated. Quantitative performance of the selected models was established by comparisons to available experimental data sets for non-parallel axisymmetric suspension flows of monocytes and platelets. Factors including the convective-diffusive transport of particles, finite particle size and inertia, as well as near-wall hydrodynamic interactions were found to significantly influence blood particle deposition. Of the models studied, the near-wall residence time approach was found to be a particularly effective indicator for the deposition of monocytes (r2=0.74) and platelets (r2=0.57), given that nano-scale physical and biochemical effects must be greatly approximated in computational simulations involving relatively large-scale geometries and complex flow fields.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Evaluation Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Validation Study

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Blood Platelets / physiology*
  • Blood Vessels / physiology
  • Cell Adhesion / physiology
  • Computer Simulation
  • Hemorheology / methods*
  • Humans
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Monocytes / physiology*
  • Particle Size
  • Platelet Adhesiveness / physiology*
  • Rheology / methods
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Shear Strength
  • Stress, Mechanical