Biophysical and biochemical characteristics of cutin, a plant barrier biopolymer

Biochim Biophys Acta. 2003 Mar 17;1620(1-3):1-7. doi: 10.1016/s0304-4165(02)00510-x.

Abstract

Cutin is a support biopolyester involved in waterproofing the leaves and fruits of higher plants, regulating the flow of nutrients among various plant cells and organs, and minimizing the deleterious impact of pathogens. Despite the complexity and intractable nature of this biopolymer, significant progress in chemical composition, molecular architecture and, more recently, biosynthesis have been made in the past 10 years. This review is focused in the description of these advances and their physiological impacts to improve our knowledge on plant cutin, an unusual topic in most plant physiology and biochemistry books and reviews.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Fatty Acids / chemistry
  • Membrane Lipids / biosynthesis
  • Membrane Lipids / chemistry*
  • Membrane Lipids / metabolism*
  • Molecular Structure
  • Plant Components, Aerial / chemistry*
  • Plant Components, Aerial / metabolism*
  • Plant Epidermis / chemistry
  • Plant Epidermis / metabolism
  • Polymers / chemistry
  • Waxes / chemistry

Substances

  • Fatty Acids
  • Membrane Lipids
  • Polymers
  • Waxes
  • cutin