We have characterized adhesion molecules on the surface of multipotential human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and identified molecules whose ligands are present on mature hematopoietic cells. Flow cytometric analysis of hMSCs identified the expression of integrins: alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, alpha5, alpha6, alphav, beta1, beta3, and beta4, in addition to ICAM-1, ICAM-2, VCAM-1, CD72, and LFA-3. Exposure of hMSCs to IL-1alpha, TNFalpha or IFNgamma up-modulated ICAM-1 surface expression, whereas only IFNgamma increased both HLA-class I and -class II molecules on the cell surface. Whole cell-binding assays between the hMSCs and hematopoietic cell lines showed that T lymphocytic lines bound hMSCs with higher affinity than lines of either B lymphocytes or those of myeloid lineage. Experiments using autologous T lymphocytes isolated from peripheral blood mononuclear cells showed that hMSCs exhibited increased affinity for activated T-lymphocytes compared to resting T cells by quantitative whole cell binding and rosetting assays. Flow cytometric analysis of rosetted cells demonstrated that both CD4+ and CD8+ cells bound to hMSCs. To determine the functional significance of these findings, we tested the ability of hMSCs to present antigen to T lymphocytes. hMSCs pulsed with tetanus toxoid stimulated proliferation and cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10, and IFNgamma) in a tetanus-toxoid-specific T cell line. Maximal cytokine production correlated with maximal antigen-dependent proliferation. These data demonstrate physiological outcome as a consequence of interactions between hMSCs and human hematopoietic lineage cells, suggesting a role for hMSCs in vivo to influence both hematopoietic and immune function(s).
Copyright 2003 National Science Council, ROC and S. Karger AG, Basel