Our main objective consists in evaluating the frequency of digestive signs and digestive opportunistic infections in AIDS patients with diarrhea. The prospective study occurred from January 1997 to July 1998 in Bamako hospitals. The patients underwent a clinical examination, blood and stools tests, and sometimes upper digestive endoscopy. Among 434 cases of AIDS, 426 patients (98%) had at least one digestive sign. The main digestive signs were diarrhea (80.1%), abdominal pains (62.2%), vomiting (47.2%) and dysphagea (36.6%). Isospora belli and Cryptosporidium parvum have been pointed up in respectively 9% and 16.3% of examined specimen. Echerichia coli was found in 8.6% of stool cultures and in 2.9% in the case of Salmonella Arizonae. Twenty cases of Kaposi's sarcoma were diagnosed and mycosis was found in 71.9% of patients. In conclusion, digestive change is a constant phenomenon in AIDS patients. Patients survival could be improved by early management, improvement of diagnosis and provisioning of medicines.