Calmodulin and Ca2+-binding proteins (CaBPs): variations on a theme

Adv Exp Med Biol. 2002:514:303-17. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4615-0121-3_18.


Ca2+ is a ubiquitous second messenger that frequently exerts its effects through Ca2+-binding proteins. In response to changes in the intracellular [Ca2+], Ca2+-binding proteins modulate the cellular activities of enzymes, channels and structural proteins. Multiple Ca2+-binding proteins are expressed in the retina and, in most cases, in a unique cellular and sub-cellular manner. CaBPs are retinal Ca2+-binding proteins displaying a high similarity to calmodulin (CaM). CaBPs are able to mimic some of the interactions of CaM with effector enzymes, although their physiological role has not yet been resolved. CaBPs could be cell-type specific proteins that play a key role in the Ca2+ signaling of specialized retinal neurons.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Motifs
  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Calcium / metabolism
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / genetics*
  • Calcium-Binding Proteins / metabolism*
  • Calmodulin / genetics*
  • Calmodulin / metabolism*
  • Chromosome Mapping
  • Exons
  • Humans
  • Introns
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neurons / metabolism*
  • Phylogeny
  • Protein Binding
  • Protein Conformation
  • Retina / metabolism
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Signal Transduction*
  • Tissue Distribution


  • Calcium-Binding Proteins
  • Calmodulin
  • Calcium