Emerging and re-emerging diseases in Malaysia

Asia Pac J Public Health. 2002;14(1):6-8. doi: 10.1177/101053950201400103.


Emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases have become a major global problem. Malaysia appears to be an epicenter for such infections and in recent years, several outbreaks have occurred resulting in loss of lives and economic hardships. In this paper, we discussed the outbreaks of leptospirosis, enterovirus 71 encephalitis, chikungunya polyarthritis and Nipah encephalitis and how a developing country such as Malaysia managed the situation with the help of international agencies and organisations. Many valuable lessons were learned and by sharing our experience, it is hoped that we will be in a better position to handle future outbreaks and prevent their spread to countries in the region.

MeSH terms

  • Alphavirus Infections / epidemiology
  • Arthritis, Infectious / epidemiology
  • Arthritis, Infectious / virology
  • Chikungunya virus / isolation & purification
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology*
  • Disease Outbreaks*
  • Encephalitis, Viral / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Leptospirosis / epidemiology
  • Malaysia / epidemiology