Binding of rabbit muscle aldolase to band 3, the predominant polypeptide of the human erythrocyte membrane

Biochemistry. 1976 Apr 6;15(7):1421-4. doi: 10.1021/bi00652a011.

Abstract

Aldolase is a trace protein in isolated human red cell membrane preparations. Following total elution of the endogenous enzyme by a saline wash, the interaction of this membrane with rabbit muscle aldolase was studied. At saturation, exogenous aldolase constituted over 40% of the repleted membrane protein. Scatchard analysis revealed two classes of sites, each numbering approximately 7 X 10(5) per ghost. Specificity was suggested by the exclusive binding of the enzyme to the membrane's inner (cytoplasmic) surface. Furthermore, milimolar levels of fructose 1,6-bisphosphate eluted the enzyme from ghosts, while fructose 6-phosphate and NADH (a metabolite which elutes human erythrocyte glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (G3PD) from its binding site) were ineffectuve. Removing peripheral membrane proteins with EDTA and lithium 3,5-diiodosalicylate did not diminish the binding capacity of the membranes. An aldolase-band 3 complex, dissociable by high ionic strength or fructose 1,6-bisphosphate treatment, was demonstrated in Triton X-100 extracts of repleted membranes by rate zonal sedimentation analysis on sucrose gradients. We conclude that the association of rabbit muscle aldolase with isolated human erythrocyte membranes reflects its specific binding to band 3 at the cytoplasmic surface, as is also true of G3PD.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Binding Sites
  • Blood Proteins* / metabolism
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism*
  • Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase* / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Muscles / enzymology*
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Protein Binding
  • Rabbits

Substances

  • Blood Proteins
  • Polyethylene Glycols
  • Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase