Cyclins and cyclin-dependent kinases: comparative study of hepatocellular carcinoma versus cirrhosis

Hepatology. 2003 Mar;37(3):534-43. doi: 10.1053/jhep.2003.50112.

Abstract

Increasing evidence has indicated that perturbation of cyclins is one of the major factors leading to cancer. The aim of this study was not only to investigate various cell cycle-related kinase activities in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but also to analyze the difference of cell cycle-related kinase activity levels between hepatitis C virus (HCV)-induced HCC and HCV-induced cirrhosis. The protein levels of cyclins D1, E, A, and H, and of cyclin dependent kinase 1 (Cdk1), Cdk2, Cdk4, Cdk6, and Cdk7 in HCC and in surrounding nontumorous cirrhosis were determined by Western blot. The enzymatic activities of cyclins D1, E, A, Cdk1, Cdk4, Cdk6, Cdk7, and Wee1 were measured using in vitro kinase assays. Protein levels and kinase activities of cyclin D1, Cdk4, cyclin E, cyclin A, and Wee1 were significantly elevated in HCC compared with surrounding cirrhotic tissues. The enhanced cyclin D1-related kinase activity in HCC was accompanied by the up-regulation of Cdk4 activity, but not Cdk6 activity. The kinase activities of Cdk6, Cdk7, and Cdk1 did not differ between HCC and surrounding cirrhotic tissues. In addition, the protein levels and kinase activities of cyclin D1, Cdk4, and cyclin E were higher in poorly differentiated HCC and advanced HCC. In conclusion, the increases of cyclin D1, Cdk4, cyclin E, cyclin A, and Wee1 play an important role in the development of HCC from cirrhosis. Cyclin D1, Cdk4, and cyclin E activation may be closely related to the histopathologic grade and progression of HCC.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Blotting, Western
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / analysis
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase / metabolism
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / etiology
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / metabolism*
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular / pathology
  • Cell Cycle Proteins*
  • Cyclin A / analysis
  • Cyclin A / metabolism
  • Cyclin D1 / analysis
  • Cyclin D1 / metabolism
  • Cyclin E / analysis
  • Cyclin E / metabolism
  • Cyclin H
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / analysis*
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases / metabolism
  • Cyclins / analysis*
  • Cyclins / metabolism
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Liver Cirrhosis / complications
  • Liver Cirrhosis / metabolism*
  • Liver Cirrhosis / pathology
  • Liver Neoplasms / etiology
  • Liver Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Liver Neoplasms / pathology
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Phosphorylation
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / analysis
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases / metabolism
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases / metabolism
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins*
  • Retinoblastoma Protein / metabolism

Substances

  • CCNH protein, human
  • Cell Cycle Proteins
  • Cyclin A
  • Cyclin E
  • Cyclin H
  • Cyclins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Retinoblastoma Protein
  • Cyclin D1
  • Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
  • WEE1 protein, human
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • CDC2 Protein Kinase
  • CDC2-CDC28 Kinases
  • CDK2 protein, human
  • CDK4 protein, human
  • CDK6 protein, human
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 2
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 4
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 6
  • Cyclin-Dependent Kinases
  • cyclin-dependent kinase-activating kinase