Preventing adolescent depression: an evaluation of the problem solving for life program

J Consult Clin Psychol. 2003 Feb;71(1):3-13. doi: 10.1037//0022-006x.71.1.3.


This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Problem Solving For Life program as a universal approach to the prevention of adolescent depression. Short-term results indicated that participants with initially elevated depressions scores (high risk) who received the intervention showed a significantly greater decrease in depressive symptoms and increase in life problem-solving scores from pre- to postintervention compared with a high-risk control group. Low-risk participants who received the intervention reported a small but significant decrease in depression scores over the intervention period, whereas the low-risk controls reported an increase in depression scores. The low-risk group reported a significantly greater increase in problem-solving scores over the intervention period compared with low-risk controls. These results were not maintained, however, at 12-month follow-up.

Publication types

  • Evaluation Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adolescent Behavior / psychology
  • Child
  • Depression / diagnosis
  • Depression / prevention & control*
  • Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
  • Dysthymic Disorder / diagnosis
  • Dysthymic Disorder / prevention & control
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Problem Solving*
  • Program Evaluation
  • Social Behavior