This report describes a family with mental retardation in two brothers. The pedigree is consistent with either X-linked mental retardation or autosomal recessive inheritance. The clinical features consist of coarse face, prominent lower lip, large testes, and obesity. This same constellation of findings was observed in a family with X-linked mental retardation (XLMR) reported by Shashi et al. [2000: Am J Hum Genet 66:469-479]. Furthermore, haplotype analysis was consistent with localization of the Shashi XLMR syndrome in Xq26-q27. Thus, the family likely represents a second occurrence of the Shashi XLMR syndrome.
Copyright 2003 Wiley-Liss, Inc.