Background and objective: The program for the detection of high blood cholesterol in adults (ATP III) has recently published diagnostic criteria for the metabolic syndrome. Its prevalence in the Canarian population is reported here.
Subjects and method: 578 adults, who participated in the Nutritional Survey of the Canary Islands (ENCA 1997-1998) were selected. Metabolic syndrome was fined as the presence of 3 or more criteria.
Results: Three out of every four individuals fulfilled at least one of the criteria. In men, hypertriglyceridemia, hypertension and hyperglycemia predominated. In women, abdominal obesity and low HDL-cholesterol were more common. The global prevalence of the syndrome was 24.4% (95%CI: 19.6-29.8), increasing with age and decreasing with the educational level.
Conclusions: The prevalence of the metabolic syndrome among adults from the Nutritional Survey of the Canary Islands is high and similar to that observed in the USA (21.8%).